Municipal history of Mosman Park

 

Name changes:

Buckland Hill Road District                  6th October 1899 – 2nd July 1909

Cottesloe Beach Road District            2nd July 1909 – 10th October 1930

Buckland Hill Road District                  10th October 1930 – 12th Feb 1937

Mosman Park Road District                12th Feb 1937 – 23rd June 1961

Shire of Mosman Park                        23rd June 1961 – 26th January 1962

Town of Mosman Park                       26th January 1962 onwards.

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MUNICIPAL CHANGES

ROAD DISTRICT           12-Feb-1937 to 23-Jun-1961

SHIRE                           23-Jun-1961 to 26-Jan-1962

TOWN                         1962 to Current

 

(WA Electoral Commission, Municipality Boundary Amendments Register (release 2.0), 31st May 2003.)

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Declared a Town and split into north and south Wards on 26th January 1962

(Government Gazette 26/1/1962, pg.1)

 

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MUNICIPAL BOUNDARY ADJUSTMENTS

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(WA Electoral Commission, Municipality Boundary Amendments Register (release 3.0), 31st July 2007.)

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Entry for 28th June 1963

Transfer of Territory from the City of Fremantle to the Town of Mosman Park. All that portion of land bounded by lines starting from the intersection of the right bank of the Swan River and the prolongation south-easterly of the south-western boundary of North Fremantle Lot 211, a point on the present boundary of the City of Fremantle and extending north-westerly to and along the south-western boundary of Lot 211 aforesaid to its western corner; thence northeasterly along the north-western boundary of that lot to the south-eastern corner of Class “B” Reserve 2976; thence north-westerly along the northeastern boundary of that reserve to the southeastern side of McCabe Street; thence south-westerly along that side to a point situate in prolongation south-easterly of the north-eastern boundary of lot 332; thence north-westerly to and along that boundary to the north-eastern corner of that lot; thence generally westerly along northern boundaries of that lot and lots 327, 326 and lot 2 of North Fremantle Lot 174, as shown on Land Titles Office Diagram 26695, to the northwestern corner of lot 2 aforesaid; thence south-westerly to the north-eastern corner of lot 333 (Reserve 25752); thence westerly along the northern boundary of that lot, lot 292 and again lot 333 and onwards to the shore of the Indian Ocean, a point on the present boundary of the City of Fremantle aforesaid and thence generally northerly, easterly, southerly and generally westerly along that present boundary to the starting point. The area transferred to form portion of the South Ward thereof.

 

Area of land involved, 236 acres. (955058m2)

(Public Plan North Fremantle Townsite.) LAND AGENTS

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Entry for 22nd May 1964

WHEREAS it is provided in paragraph (f ) of subsection (2) of the Local Government Act, 1960, that upon effective presentation of a petition under the Common Seal of the Council or Councils affected, the Governor may alter and adjust the boundaries of adjoining districts; and whereas the municipalities of the Town of Mosman Park and Shire of Peppermint Grove respectively have presented a petition to the Governor praying that the

joint boundary between the two districts should be slightly altered and adjusted; and whereas it is considered expedient that the prayer of the petitioners should be granted: Now, therefore, His Excellency the Governor, acting by and with the advice and consent of the Executive Council, doth hereby alter and adjust the boundaries of the municipalities of the Town of Mosman Park and Shire of Peppermint Grove respectively by

 

(a) transferring from the Town of Mosman Park to the Shire of Peppermint Grove the land designated for such transfer in the schedule hereto; and

 

(b) transferring from the district of the municipality of the Shire of Peppermint Grove to the district of the municipality of the Town of Mosman Park the land designated for such transfer in the schedule hereto.

(Sgd.) R. H. DOIG,

Clerk of the Council.

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Schedule.

Transfer of Territory from the district of the Town of Mosman Park to the district of the Shire of Peppermint Grove. All that portion of land bounded by lines starting from the north-eastern corner of lot 19 of Mosman Park Sub Lot 119, as shown on Land Titles Office Diagram 29040, a point on the present boundary of the Shire of Peppermint Grove, and extending westerly along the northern boundary of that lot to the eastern boundary of lot 17, as shown on Land Titles Office Diagram 18634; thence northerly along that boundary to the south-eastern corner of lot 1 as shown on Land Titles Office Diagram 1106, a point on the boundary of the Shire of Peppermint Grove aforesaid, and thence easterly and southerly along that boundary to the starting point. Area of land involved, 2.4 perches.

 

Transfer of Territory from the district of the Shire of Peppermint Grove to the district of the Town of Mosman Park. All that portion of Mosman Park Sub Lot 119 which is included in lot 21 on Land Titles Office Diagram 24206. Area of land involved, 1 rood 4,3 perches.

 

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Entry for 9th April 1976

All that portion of land bounded by lines commencing at the northwestern corner of North Fremantle Town Lot 338, a point on the present boundary of the City of Fremantle, and extending northeasterly and southeasterly along boundaries of that lot and onward to the southeastern side of McCabe Street, a point on the present boundary of the City of Fremantle and thence southwesterly and northwesterly along boundaries of that City to the starting point . Area of land involved, 3329m2 . (0.8226138 acres)

(Lands and Surveys Public Plan F25-4 .)

 

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CRS SUGAR REFINERY HISTORY

Construction of the refinery commenced in October, 1928 on the active dairy known as Billy Goat Farm.  However, the factory was not ready to start producing sugar until May, 1930. Most of the workers were local people.  The refinery melted 16182 tons of raw sugar in its first year of production.

Read the full history of the CSR Sugar Refinery

With thanks to Merv Legg (past employee of CSR).

12-07-2017 2-29-09 PMery

The Rope and Twine Company

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CPM00438 Staff of WA Rope and Twine Company Pty Ltd, 1957

In 1912 two companies joined together to form The Rope and Twine Company, shared equally between George Kinnear Pty and James Miller Ropes Pty. Situated to the north of Boundary Road in Mosman Park, the factory was managed by Richard Bryant, originally from Tasmania who had worked for Kinnear in Melbourne as a rope and twine master. Later Bryant’s two sons Jim and Bert joined the emergent workforce. The Bryant influence continued down several generations with Robert R Bryant, the grandson of the original Bryant working as an eight-year-old in 1938 running errands on the factory floor.

Raw materials used in rope making were sourced from all the world and included highly regarded coconut yarn with its superior tensile strength, Yorkshire cotton shipped over from England, hemp from the Philippines as well as sisal sent in from South Africa. The company provided rope products both nationally and internationally as well as a supplier to the Australian Navy. One product in particular was highly specialised: the 27-inch coil rope (so called “springs”) deployed in high tidal flow ports in the North- West.

After failing fortunes and the ownership transferring to George Kinnear and Sons Pty in entirety, the factory was sold in 1989 by Boral Kinnears and within a year was demolished to make way for a wave of retirement villas.

Although no trace now remains of either the factory or some of processed of rope making associated with it, to this day one street running parallel with Wellington street and linking onto Boundary is called Rope Walk. The local name was derived from the walkway alongside the factory where ropes were stretched out in long, close rows to set the twist. The original rope walk was 330 metres long. (1080 ft). Office juniors were reportedly engaged in running in the rope on the specialist machinery up to 30 times a day, along its entire length.

Written by Georgy Hadwen for The Grove Community History Library.

 

References

Tuettemann, E. Between River & Sea. Town of Mosman Park 1991

Staff of WA Rope and Twine Company Pty Ltd. Accessed from http://www.photosau.com.au/TheGroveLibrary/scripts/ExtSearch.asp?SearchTerm=CPM00483

Quarrying in Mosman Park

Rocky Bay Quarry, 1893

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Mosman Park with its unique geological profile and position along the Swan River, offered limestone in abundance, with easy transportation along the river. Limestone remains the raw material for the manufacture of quicklime (calcium oxide), slaked lime (calcium hydroxide), cement and mortar. Pulverized limestone is used as a soil conditioner to neutralize acidic soils (agricultural lime). It is crushed for use as aggregate—the solid base for many roads as well as in asphalt concrete. Quarrying operations began during the mid-1800s and lasted in one form or another up to the 1960s, transforming the landscape along the way. Originally known for its seven sisters hills, just one remains today: Buckland Hill, with the quarry reducing and modifying the topology of the suburb.  The quarry, one of the first in WA extended from south of the jetty to the Chine and its stone provided the foundations for many of Perth’s significant buildings.

Lime kilns on Buckland Hill, c 1920cpm01447

Begun in 1850, quarrying largely utilised Convict labour and sourced from the Cliffs surrounding Mosman Bay, with stone transported to Perth on sail barges. When Western Australia’s convict era came to an end with the cessation of penal transportation in May 1865, convict labour diminished but prisoners serving out their sentence at Fremantle Jail were deployed up to 1870.

Stone was also quarried from the Western Face of Buckland Hill. This stone found its way into road construction, many fine buildings or was sent to the goldfields at Kalgoorlie.  The Eastern Railway and Fremantle Harbour trust also used the material to construct Fremantle Harbour and the Fishing Harbour. Fragments are all that remain of the old jetty where the boats docked to fill their holds with stone.

By 1899 two quarries were still operating in the area and stone from these was used to construct Glyde Street. The amount of viable stone quarried steadily declined as local complaints about the erosion of the landscape gained traction and by 1904 both quarries had ceased production. Smaller quarries remained over several decades, one owned by a well-known local figure Mr Kiesewetter, employed over 100 men.

The 1910 road board considered the limekilns significant enough to connect adjacent roads with the subsequent construction of Baring street in that year. By all accounts the work was hard on both labourer and Dray. In 1936 the quarries near Palmerston street were sold to the emergent Colonial Sugar Refinery who only utilised part of the existing quarry, predominantly for dumping ash. This pattern continued under subsequent ownerships until 1953 when the ground was levelled. Other ventures continued in Mosman Park with usage by furnace and smelting companies. However, by 1963 the demand for limestone had declined and all activity ceased The land was subsequently reclaimed for residential purposes.

Written for The Grove Community History Library by

G. Hadwen

References

Colebatch, Sir Hal (ed.) (1929). A Story of a Hundred Years: Western Australia, 1829–1929. Perth: Government Printer

Tuettermann E. (1991) Between River and Sea : Town of Mosman Park.